PENYEMPURNAAN TAHAN API DAN ANTIBAKTERI PADA KAIN KAPAS DENGAN N-METILOL DIMETILFOSFONOPROPIONAMIDA (PYROVATEX CP NEW) DAN KITOSAN MENGGUNAKAN PLASMA LUCUTAN KORONA

Mohamad Widodo, Siti Nuhiyah, Khairul Umam, Zaenul Muchlisin, Muhammad Nur

Abstract


Plasma lucutan korona dengan konfigurasi elektroda multi titik-bidang telah digunakan pada studi ini untuk proses penyempurnaan tahan api dan antibakteri pada kain kapas menggunakan N-metilol dimetilfosfonopropionamida (MDFPA, Pyrovatex CP New) dan kitosan. Kain kapas diberi perlakuan dengan campuran Pyrovatex CP New 400 g/L, asam fosfor 80% 20 g/L, dan kitosan 10 g/L menggunakan metode benam peras-plasma, plasma-benam peras dan plasma-perendaman dengan variasi waktu pajanan plasma 5 – 30 menit. Ketiga metode tersebut menghasilkan kain kapas yang tidak meneruskan pembakaran dengan panjang arang bervariasi antara 9,5 – 12,2 cm tergantung waktu pemajanan. Sebagai perbandingan, kain kapas yang tidak diberi perlakuan memiliki waktu nyala dan bara masing-masing 7 dan 20 detik serta panjang arang 30 cm, sedangkan cara benam peras-pemanaswetan menghasilkan kain yang juga tidak meneruskan pembakaran tapi dengan panjang arang 16 cm. Hingga batas tertentu, arang yang tersisa semakin pendek dengan semakin lamanya waktu pajanan plasma karena waktu pemajanan yang terlalu lama justru menambah panjang arang. Cara plasma-perendaman menghasilkan aktifitas antibakteri yang relatif lebih tinggi dengan diameter daya hambat sebesar 14 mm daripada plasma-benam peras dan benam peras-plasma yang hanya menghasilkan daya hambat sebesar 13 mm. Meskipun belum maksimum, perlakuan kain kapas dengan Pyrovatex CP New dan kitosan menggunakan plasma lucutan korona telah memberikan sifat tahan api dan antibakteri yang cukup signifikan dan menjanjikan.


Keywords


plasma lucutan korona; tahan api; antibakteri; N-metilol dimetilfosfonopropionamida; kitosan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Widodo, M. Plasma Surface Modification of Polyaramid Fibers for Protective Clothing. (2011).

Shishoo, R. Plasma Technologies for Textiles. (CRC, 2007).

Airoudj, A., Bally-Le Gall, F. & Roucoules, V. Textile with Durable Janus Wetting Properties Produced by Plasma Polymerization. J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 29162–29172 (2016).

Jelil, R. A., Zeng, X., Koehl, L. & Perwuelz, A. Most relevant parameters of woven fabric structure controlling atmospheric air-plasma treatments. Text. Res. J. 82, 1859–1869 (2012).

Kan, C. & Lam, C. Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment for Grey Cotton Knitted Fabric. Polym. 2018, Vol. 10, Page 53 10, 53 (2018).

Cai, Z., Qiu, Y., Hwang, Y. J., Zhang, C. & McCord, M. The Use of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment in Desizing PVA on Viscose Fabrics. J. Ind. Text. 32, 223–232 (2003).

Verschuren, J., Kiekens, P. & Leys, C. Textile-specific Properties that Influence Plasma Treatment, Effect Creation and Effect Characterization. Text. Res. J. 77, 727–733 (2007).

Tsai, P. P., Wadswoth, L. C. & Reece Roth, J. Surface modification of fabrics using a one-atmosphere glow discharge plasma to improve fabric wettability. Text. Res. J. 67, 359–369 (1997).

Morent, R. et al. Non-thermal plasma treatment of textiles. Surf. Coatings Technol. 202, 3427–3449 (2008).

Chaivan, P., Pasaja, N., Boonyawan, D., Suanpoot, P. & Vilaithong, T. Low-temperature plasma treatment for hydrophobicity improvement of silk. Surf. Coatings Technol. 193, 356–360 (2005).

Gawish, S. M. et al. New Functionalities of PA6,6 Fabric Modified by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma and Grafted Glycidyl Methacrylate Derivatives. Text. Res. J. 77, 92–104 (2007).

Guo, L., Campagne, C., Perwuelz, A. & Leroux, F. Zeta Potential and Surface Physico-chemical Properties of Atmospheric Air-plasma-treated Polyester Fabrics. Text. Res. J. 79, 1371–1377 (2009).

Okubo, M., Saeki, N. & Yamamoto, T. Development of functional sportswear for controlling moisture and odor prepared by atmospheric pressure nonthermal plasma graft polymerization induced by RF glow discharge. J. Electrostat. 66, 381–387 (2008).

Verschuren, J., Van Herzele, P., De Clerck, K. & Kiekens, P. Influence of Fiber Surface Purity on Wicking Properties of Needle-Punched Nonwoven after Oxygen Plasma Treatment. Text. Res. J. 75, 437–441 (2005).

Edwards, B., El-Shafei, A., Hauser, P. & Malshe, P. Towards flame retardant cotton fabrics by atmospheric pressure plasma-induced graft polymerization: Synthesis and application of novel phosphoramidate monomers. Surf. Coatings Technol. 209, 73–79 (2012).

Tsafack, M. J. & Levalois-Grützmacher, J. Towards multifunctional surfaces using the plasma-induced graft-polymerization (PIGP) process: Flame and waterproof cotton textiles. Surf. Coatings Technol. 201, 5789–5795 (2007).

Malshe, P., Mazloumpour, M., El-Shafei, A. & Hauser, P. Functional Military Textile: Plasma-Induced Graft Polymerization of DADMAC for Antimicrobial Treatment on Nylon-Cotton Blend Fabric. Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 32, 833–843 (2012).

Wafa, D. M. et al. Atmospheric plasma-aided biocidal finishes for nonwoven polypropylene fabrics. II. Functionality of synthesized fabrics. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 103, 1911–1917 (2007).

Tseng, H.-J., Hsu, S., Wu, M.-W., Hsueh, T.-H. & Tu, P.-C. Nylon textiles grafted with chitosan by open air plasma and their antimicrobial effect. Fibers Polym. 10, 53–59 (2009).

Zhang, W. et al. Antibacterial properties of plasma-modified and triclosan or bronopol coated polyethylene. Polymer (Guildf). 47, 931–936 (2006).

Shi, Q. et al. Durable antibacterial Ag/polyacrylonitrile (Ag/PAN) hybrid nanofibers prepared by atmospheric plasma treatment and electrospinning. Eur. Polym. J. 47, 1402–1409 (2011).

Chen, K.-S. et al. Surface grafting polymerization of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone onto a poly(ethylene terephthalate) nonwoven by plasma pretreatment and its antibacterial activities. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 100, 803–809 (2006).

Chang, Y.-B., Tu, P.-C., Wu, M.-W., Hsueh, T.-H. & Hsu, S. A study on chitosan modification of polyester fabrics by atmospheric pressure plasma and its antibacterial effects. Fibers Polym. 9, 307–311 (2008).

Huh, M. W. et al. Surface characterization and antibacterial activity of chitosan-grafted poly(ethylene terephthalate) prepared by plasma glow discharge. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 2769–2778 (2001).

Widodo, M., El-Shafei, A. & Hauser, P. J. Surface nanostructuring of kevlar fibers by atmospheric pressure plasma-induced graft polymerization for multifunctional protective clothing. J. Polym. Sci. Part B Polym. Phys. 50, 1165–1172 (2012).

Huh, M. W. et al. Surface characterization and antibacterial activity of chitosan-grafted poly(ethylene terephthalate) prepared by plasma glow discharge. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 2769–2778 (2001).

Carneiro, N. et al. Dyeability of corona-treated fabrics. Color. Technol. 117, 298–302 (2001).

Ilic, V. et al. The study of coloration and antibacterial efficiency of corona activated dyed polyamide and polyester fabrics loaded with Ag nanoparticles. FIBERS Polym. 10, 650–656 (2009).

Lee, J. H., Kim, H. G., Khang, G. S., Lee, H. B. & Jhon, M. S. Characterization of wettability gradient surfaces prepared by corona discharge treatment. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 151, 563–570 (1992).

Eifert, A., Petit, J., Baier, T., Bonaccurso, E. & Hardt, S. Inscribing wettability gradients onto polymer substrates with different stiffness using corona discharge in point-to-plane geometry. Appl. Surf. Sci. (2015). doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.12.169

Susan, A. I., Widodo, M. & Nur, M. Corona Glow Discharge Plasma Treatment for Hidrophylicity Improvement of Polyester and Cotton Fabrics. IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng. 214, (2017).

Radetic, M. et al. Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles deposited on corona-treated polyester and polyamide fabrics. Polym. Adv. Technol. 19, 1816–1821 (2008).

Ilic, V. et al. Antifungal efficiency of corona pretreated polyester and polyamide fabrics loaded with Ag nanoparticles. J. Mater. Sci. 44, 3983–3990 (2009).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31266/at.v34i2.5709

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Arena Tekstil indexed by:

Science and Technology Index  Dimensions

 Garba Rujukan Digital (GARUDA)


Copyright Arena Tekstil (E-ISSN: 2548-7264, P-ISSN: 0518-4010)

Published by: BALAI BESAR TEKSTIL, Jl. Jenderal Ahmad Yani No. 390, Bandung.

       Creative Commons License